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This is a post, that I've just not got time to explain in full yet... 
But if you are stuck on 1-2mbps ADSL and have a bit of time on your hands then its possible to get +20mbps broadband.

I achieved this by load balancing a fixed wireless connection of 8mbps with a HSPDA 12+mbps connection. The HSPDA connection took most of the work and involved installing a fixed external yagi antenna for starters..

So far so good! PM me for more details.

So what is this – javascript

To the uninitiated this can be really confusing in JavaScript. Consider the following:

image

The code above logs this three times, but what is this?

The main source of confusion is a quirk of the language where depending on the invocation pattern this can be set to the global variable (e.g. window in a browser). But there are come other gotchas.

In the example above this is 3 different objects.

  • Window
  • ATest
  • Object

Function Invocation Patterns

In order to explain this we need to know what function invocation patterns are in JavaScript, of which there are 4.

  • method
  • function
  • constructor
  • apply/call

I’ve covered the first 3 above in my example

Method

image In the method invocation patters, the method is called bare. Javascript assigns the global variable to this in this instance.

Constructor

imageIn this constructor invocation pattern (i.e. new) this is assigned to the object getting created, ATest 

Function

image In the function invocation pattern this is the enclosing type also, however this is just object in this case i.e. the object literal returned from ATest constructor.

Apply

I’m not covering this here but the Apply (and the call) invocation patterns basically let you set the value of this.

Note: Object Literal can be avoided in this example above as follows.
What we do is set the methods on this explicitly.

image

 

Angular.js .NET File Upload

In this post I’m going to show you how to upload a file using Angular.js on the client side and Asp WebApi on the back end.

Lets get started

Create you project in visual studio, and add your angular.js app controllers etc.

Interestingly enough I’ve already shown you how to do the server side over 2 years ago!
Crikey 2 years and I’m still writing about the same old stuff….. well not really, last time it was knockout, sliverlight and the likes, now it’s Angular.js’ turn.

Angular file upload, Nuget

In order to facilitate the process, we’re going to use a nuget package I like, see screenshot.

image

The beauty of this package is that its got shims for non html5 browsers (apparently there are a few hanging around still :-( )

To use this package you’ll need to include 2 scripts, file-upload-shim before angular.js and file-upload after.

Script Includes

image


Markup

Next add the input tag and add the ng-file-select directive

image

 

Javascript

Module

Add the upload module

Factory

image

Here i added the $upload factory to my controller

Controller function

image

Here I enumerate the files (should i wish to have multi select) then I upload each one by posting to my Web Api .net controller, I pass a little more information also as to the diff side, but that’s pretty much it.

.NET

Now even though I did show you the .net code before I’m going to show it again now, because as I mentioned I’m passing a little information as to the side the file I’m uploading represents.

image

image

Why Java Sucks

http://2014.javazone.no/videos.htmlAn ex colleague of mine sent me this link this morning. www.whyjavasucks.com
Apparently I got associated with it, haha, yes at one time I used to shoot down java at every occurrence, this was most likely because I didn’t know it well enough at the time; now I just yawn a little and continue ;-)

Programming in C# after using Java

image

Enjoy the website! I did ;-)


To see the other side of the story have a look at some of the videos here

IDE’s and tools

I’ve gotten a few emails from last night’s post asking me why I’ve gone black (and will i go back?),, well you know what they say!

Btw: I’ve Visual Studio, IntelliJ and WebsStorm on black/dracula themes at the moment and a week on I’m kinda sold, the only big downside is when I switch to another app when in dark light (in bed for example) I hurt my eyes as they adjust.

Some people asked about the IDE as it wasn’t visual studio (nope, I’ve not written java in VS yet ;-) ) so I thought it would be interesting to share what tools and IDE’s I use.

As it happens I just rebuilt my OS last weekend so it’s all clear in my head, here goes:

Operating systems:

Windows 8.1 and Mac OS as the moment, I prefer Windows, but my Mac Book Air is by far my favourite hardware… conflict!! I am doing a project with a Raspberry Pi at the moment and between that and the Mac I’ve pretty much given up on DOS* in favour of powershell (simply because I can type linux commands)

IDE

  1. Visual Studio 2013 this is my favourite IDE, I’ve been using VS since the mid 90ies, mostly these days I use VS for C#, ASP, UML, Testing, Azure, most of my pet projects are Azure based.
  2. InetlliJ : I took me a while when I started learning Java to settle on IntelliJ, I went back and forth between that and eclipse for a while until I understood java and it’s eco system enough to set up my own projects. IntelliJ is just fantastic and the tooling is great (ideal for MSofties) and there is a certain degree of familiarity as Jetbrains the company behind is the company behind Resharper.
  3. WebStorm: This is another Ide from Jetbrains (they have a few good IDE’s js,java,php,objective-c, python etc, check them out), I use this mostly for non ASP web stuff (where I naturally use VS), it’s quite good.
  4. XCode: I’ve created a few iPhone app’s, I hit the curve learned objective-C and the libraries enough to get a few apps in the store and XCode was the vehicle, I’ve not used AppCode from jetbrains but I bet it’s good! The truth is I’ve not used XCode in about a year now I guess, the reason is that I’ve moved to Android myself and don’t have a iPhone any longer (and at least for the foreseeable future) so I’m not motivated enough to do any iOS coding on my free time.

 

File management

Total Commander by Ghisler.com, I’ve been using this since 2001, I was previously using norton commander but when I changed company I no longer had access to that software so I found my beloved TotalCommander, this is without doubt one of the major reasons I prefer windows. (I must get off my bum and find a corresponding program for Mac as Finder is dreadful IMO.

XML and it’s cousins

Stylus studio: great for formatting xml and editing xml in tree and grid formats, generating xsd, debugging xlst etc, nice xpath support.

Idiot’s guide to Angular service vs factory

You won’t believe the amount on questions I’ve come across regarding the confusion between angular services factories and providers. This blog post attempts to help clarify same and get you started.

Which should I use?

Factory* if you don’t know this this is a good place to start.

Which is most powerful?

Providers

What’s the difference?

I’m not going to cover providers here so lets see the difference between services and factories.

The rhetoric

Service gets passed a function that’s considered to be a constructor, so you get back a new-ed constructor.
Factory gets passed a function which it invokes and returns the result.
A service is often used when you have 3rd party constructor function and want to use this.

Example1 – Same end result both ways

Service

First lets show the view in all it’s glory, it’s quite simple just will display whatever x is.

 
Then the angular code

image

You can see that we don’t return anything! so think of this as a constructor function, so effectively angular will give us a new TestService and we can call the doSomething method on it, the output looks like this

image

Factory

Now let’s look at the same thing as a factory

image

What’s the difference? Well in this instance we are returning something! Angular will call new on the returned object and return it.

Ok I get it but

Show me a reason to prefer one over the other? Well lets say we want to pass some information to the service or factory, well given we have no control over angular creating our service we cannot pass any additional information! it just creates the function.

Factories on the other hand we get to return what we want! So we can return a function! Lets look at some code to make this easier to see

image

So now if we don’t change our controller we have a problem, because angular has just created f for us! Let’s see this in a debugger, we can clearly see that TestService is not an object but rather a function.

image

Now we need to modify our code to work, let’s do that.

image  
image

So hopefully that’s helped you a little understand the difference.

Example 2

I’m working on a project at the moment and I’ve just created a backend REST webservice to manage user properties

image

as you can see I've got the basic REST HTTP verbs, GET,POST,PUT,DELETE, it’s done in Java, but could just as well be in .NET, node, php etc, it doesn’t matter, the basic premise of REST is that it just used what HTTP already gives us.

Now I want to be able to use this information in JavaScript, Angular itself exposes a $resource exactly for this scenario (read the docs there’s one or two simple steps needed to use it).

image

The important thing to notice is that we are returning something from our function, and we are passing parameters, therefore we cannot use a service in this scenario.

I hope this has clarified this situation for you, if so please drop me a line and let me know and I might cover providers also.
(comments are disabled until i get a better recapcha for all this spam I get when enabled).

Recursive Directives Angular.js

Another day, another post with me talking about something I barely know about. Today I’m going to show you my first second stab at a recursive Angular.js directive.

Let’s first have a look at the end goal (forgive the as of yet unfinished css and bad contrasting colors)

image
Basically we have a list of objects in the dependency tree, each of these in turn can contain a list of children.

JSON

Lets have a look at the JSON we are trying to represent

image

 


It’s pretty simple, each dependency can have children that are in fact themselves the very same object literal types.

Directives

I created two directives, one for the dependency and one for it’s children.

image

 

 


As seen from the screen clipping the directives are pretty simple, however I’d like to draw your attentions to the link function of the curve directive. The reason I had to do this is because on my first attempt I tried to just call the <dependencies  in the template itself with an angular ng-if, however angular.js just kept going into an infinite loop, so I added the children <ul> on the fly and $compiled them in (note: $compile is injected).

The templates for these widgets are pretty trivial (i could have in-lined with “template” but choose to use templateUrl as I much prefer this approach.

This template just creates a <ul> and then calls the other directive that creates the <li> entries.image


This template shows the <li> entries, remember that I $compile in any children in the directive, it also adds a good or bad class if necessary for styling.
image


I hope this helps someone should they also encounter the same problem I did with the infinite loop, I’m definitely not saying what is presented above is best practise as I’m relatively new to angular.js after hanging up my knockout.js belt (it was good while it lasted but angular is much more in line what what I need for SPA apps).

Be careful of deferred execution

Take the following code, if you have ReSharper installed you’ll be warned that there is possible multiple enumeration of your IEnumerable, this means that  Select will be repeated twice for everything in the array.image

ToArray()

One solution is to Enumerate one and immediately after the select by calling .ToArrayimage

 

 

Guava / Java

It’s not just C# that you need to be careful with, take the google java library Guava

image We don’t get the same nice warning in IntelliJ* yet the solution in this case is much the same.

image

 

*IntelliJ

If you’re from a MS background like me and doing any Java, then do yourself a favour and use IntelliJ, it’s much easier to use.

Efficiency Yield

Talking to an ex colleague of mine this evening about some use cases for yield, it’s quite a handy little keyword, i often use it for splitting a large collection into smaller ones (Chunk).

image

Efficiency

I was presented with another use for yield.

Take a third party API that takes an IEnumerable of objects that are expensive to create,

image

 

 

 


we can see that there is an early imageexit strategy so we may not need all items in the enumeration.

 

 

 

 


Now lets say we have 3 implementations of this interfaceimage

trivial i know, but assume we don’t know if they return null or not at compile time.

 

 

Now here’s a nice way of passing all of the above to a third party API and only incur the construction hit as and if when they get enumerated.

image

Using the trivial logic outlined here, ExpensiveFactoryC will never get constructed.

Enum on steroids – java

Hi was reviewing some java code this week and came across this wonderful way of establishing structured enums.

Code

//Declaration
private enum ServerType {
        DEV("
https://server1:8001", "customservicesuser", "xzy"),
        TEST("
http://server2:8001", "customservicesuser", "xzy"),
        PROD("
http://server3:8001", "customservicesuser", "xzy"),
        LOCALHOST("
http://localhost:8001", "customservicesuser", "xzy");

        private String serverUrl;
        private String username;
        private String password;

        ServerType(String serverUrl, String username, String password) {
            this.serverUrl = serverUrl;
            this.username = username;
            this.password = password;
        }
}

// Usage
        try {
            serverType = ServerType.valueOf(server);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Unable to get the server info, options are: 
                DEV, TEST, PROD, LOCALHOST");
        }

Enjoy!

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